Lemon monard in some regions is simply called bergamot, although this is not the same plant. Different parts of the representative of the flora are used not only for medicinal purposes, but also for cooking. Experienced chefs appreciate the spice because of the special spicy aroma.
Despite the fact that the presented grass is annual, it grows very quickly, reaches almost a meter in height. If you grind young leaves, then they will smell like lemon. But if you crumple the old leaves, then the aroma will resemble oregano.
Outwardly, the spice is not particularly noteworthy, as it is an ordinary not too thick bush. In the middle of it, several stems having green leaves are beaten off, the length of which rarely exceeds 8 cm. Their distinguishing feature is the oval shape with a sharp tip. The bushes and gardeners-aesthetes are pleased, as they bloom in white, purple, pink flowers.
Due to its similarity to bergamot and other similar-smelling herbs, the monard is sometimes also called the American version of lemon balm or just lemon mint. This is also explained by the fact that the plant belongs to the peppermint family according to the botanical classification.
In the literal translation, the name of the spice stands for "citrus aroma." During flowering, it attracts not only butterflies, but also bees that flock to a wonderful smell. Mexico and America are commonly called the historical homeland of greenery. And in California, you can meet her right on the road. Clay soils are an ideal habitat.
Knowing that the spice goes well with various dishes traditional for the Slavs, many gardeners seek to acquire a similar novelty in their own personal plot.
Despite the relatively simple cultivation, ordinary people often encounter a problem if they want to replenish the collection in the beds. We are talking about an impressive variety of varieties, including almost a dozen varieties. Amid such a wide selection, it is difficult to dwell on one thing. But experienced specialists argue that the dupe version is just right for beginners in gardening.
The fragrant plant has lilac and pink flowers, and by smell, its different parts are most reminiscent of ordinary citrus fruits. It is this variety that is famous at the same time for decorative, melliferous, culinary qualities. It even has healing properties.
For gastronomic consumption, young stems are ideal, which should be combined with:
On an industrial scale, creation of beloved by many is not complete without it. And for those who are negative about alcoholic beverages, it is recommended to add fresh stems or dried preparations for flavoring tea. So it will come out to get not only a delicious drink, but also to carry out prevention:
- bacteriological diseases;
- stable appetite;
- digestive problems.
During the common cold, properly brewed tea from the dupe subspecies simplifies sputum discharge.
The double version is better known to residents of North America and Asia, but in recent years, gardeners from the CIS countries have begun to actively add it to their beds. The main advantage of this variety is the decorative ability, which is explained by the unusual colors of saturated red. They will decorate any flowerbed. And the leaves can be collected, dried and added to herbal tea sets in winter.
There are many other varieties of lemon monarda, as well as fifty hybrids based on them.
The beneficial properties of the plant are explained by its rich chemical composition. Hit him:
- B vitamins;
- essential oils.
The latter have bactericidal properties, which is useful to people who often suffer from respiratory diseases during the cold season. The ancient Indians knew about this feature, which included dry blanks to create decoctions, which then rinsed the oral cavity. Such tinctures even healed wounds, using them to remove the inflammatory plant.
Traditional healers argue that if you attach a washed, wrinkled leaf to a scratch, this will protect the body from possible infection. According to an identical algorithm, the monarda juice acts.
A lot of time has passed since then, but many grandmother’s recipes still offer to expel salmonella with this oil. You can meet the mention of monarda even in recipes of traditional medicine for the treatment of diseases of the ENT organs and for inhalation.
But there are contraindications to the grass, which revolve around individual intolerance, which can not be verified in any way except for careful removal of the sample. Also, before starting to use an unknown ingredient, you should always consult your doctor.
And kids who have not reached the age of three should be completely forbidden to drink medicines or eat dishes where this representative of the flora is. It is also worth careful to treat the flower to the ladies in position.
Most often, the spice is used in cooking to create unsurpassed tea compositions. And you can drink them not only with a cold, but all year round for the prevention of acute respiratory viral infections.
Seasoning is suitable for a tandem with meat dishes. It has a dual purpose, as the grass not only adds a lemon aftertaste, but also serves as a factor that improves digestion when eating quite heavy meals.
Fresh leaves will be added no less original in salt preservation along with other traditional "residents" of cans with pickled cucumbers, squash, tomatoes. And if after cooking there is a bunch of greenery, you can leave it as a mold fighter, sending it to a problem corner behind the furniture.
Many ways to apply the almost universal herb every year adds fans from all over the world.