And if for meat-eaters mushrooms are just a part of a varied diet, for vegetarians it is a truly irreplaceable product. For them, mushrooms can completely replace meat. And one of the best "meat substitutes" can be called a flywheel. Moreover, this delicious "woodcutter" is never poisonous.
How to recognize a moss fly
The flywheel is a tubular representative of the Boletov family (to which the porcini mushroom also belongs - they even look a little similar in appearance). Mushroom pickers recognize the flywheel by its massive hemispherical hat, which in old specimens becomes flat. Depending on the mushroom variety, a velvety dry hat can be brown-brown or olive-green; the leg is wrinkled, white and without a ring. The pulp is quite hard, yellowish, although after damage (at the cut) it quickly changes color - it turns blue. But such external transformations in no way affect the taste characteristics of the product.
Mycologists, who studied a huge family of mosses, divided them into 18 species. Among them are Polish, green, chestnut, red, powdered, semi-gold, woody, parasitic and others. Some of them may be conditionally edible, some have received the stigma of inedible. But in any case, among them there are no pronounced poisonous. This means that not one of the representatives of the mossoviks (even inedible) can cause severe poisoning, as it does not contain toxic substances. And some mushroom pickers even consider that among the "moss family" there are no inedible ones - they all come to the dining table, only you need to be able to cook correctly. True, not all mycologists can agree with this.
You can go to any forest in search of mosses. They are found in deciduous, mixed and pine forests. The only requirement is the presence of moss. As the name implies, these forest dwellers simply adore moss litter, which comfortably accommodates either alone or whole families.
Moss season is long. The first mushrooms appear in early summer, and the last instances of mushroom pickers in late autumn.
What is useful
Speaking about the beneficial properties of mushrooms, it is first of all customary to recall the rich protein content. The flywheel, like its relatives, is also generous with proteins, whose chemical composition is very similar to meat. This protein product is useful for restoring physical strength during a period of intensive growth and muscle building. Protein is necessary for people involved in mental activity, as well as for strengthening and regenerating almost all tissues in the body. In addition, the proteins contained in the product are a set of essential amino acids for humans, without which healthy activity is impossible. By the way, some sources claim that the moss fly is the leader in the content of amino acids of the hearts of other fungi.
The second plus of this delicacy is its rich vitamin composition. Flywheels are a storehouse of vitamins A, C, D, as well as many vitamins from group B. Almost daily restoration of copper and zinc can be completely restored from one portion of these mushrooms. In addition, they are rich in molybdenum, calcium and chitin.
The unique characteristics of the moss fungus include special essential oils and enzymes contained in hats. The rate of digestion of food depends on these substances. This means that the flywheel improves the digestive system and the quality of absorption of nutrients from food.
It also has the properties of a natural antibiotic, strengthens the immune system and is useful for increasing hemoglobin. In folk medicine it is known as a product with diuretic, tonic and anti-inflammatory properties. It was used for quick healing of wounds, in the role of a natural antiseptic. And thanks to the presence of molybdenum, it is useful for the treatment of the thyroid gland. The rich vitamin composition of the moss mushrooms is the key to good vision, healthy hair and beautiful skin. The ability to speed up metabolism has created the glory of the fungus against obesity. The unique chemical composition of moss mushrooms makes them useful for the nervous system, brain function, kidneys, as well as for the rapid restoration of bone and muscle tissue.
Who is harmful to the moss?
Frequent consumption of mushrooms in large quantities is extremely undesirable for people with digestive disorders. Severe digestion of the moss can cause an illness. It is important to refuse a product to people with an allergy to fungi or with chronic liver diseases. In any form, they should not be given to children under 3 years old. And absolutely everyone is forbidden to eat mushrooms collected in contaminated areas, along highways or near industrial facilities. Such a product accumulates a huge amount of carcinogens in the pulp and turns from completely useful into poison.
As already mentioned, mosses are not poisonous. But only if a real moss fly, and not a similar panther fly agaric, got into the basket - one of the most poisonous forest inhabitants. In order not to be mistaken, one must remember that the moss mushrooms are tubular mushrooms, and the fly agarics are lamellar ones.
What diseases can be cured by mushrooms
As already mentioned, mosses are a natural antibiotic. And all because of the substance boletol, which is part of the chemical composition of the product. This compound has an anti-inflammatory effect and helps in the treatment of many diseases. It is known that mushroom extract is useful for people with cirrhosis of the liver, atherosclerosis, nervous disorders, anemia, reduced immunity, depression, chronic fatigue. This product improves blood circulation, treats inflammation and suppuration on the skin (use powder from dried mosses). In alternative medicine, it is used as a treatment for cancer.
How to cook
In order for the mushroom to be digested quickly and easily, culinary experts and nutritionists advise it to grind. Some mushroom pickers believe that the moss fly does not need additional preliminary cooking, as it does not contain toxins. Although if the dish is intended for schoolchildren, the elderly, people with digestive disorders or weakened after illnesses, it is better to boil the product first, and then prepare the desired dish from it.
Flywheels belong to the rapidly oxidizing products. Therefore, as soon as possible after collection, they must be cleaned and washed. In order to prevent darkening of the pulp, pour cold water in which a teaspoon of salt and 2 g of citric acid are diluted.
The most popular among mushroom pickers are Polish and green moss-flies. Despite the fact that they belong to the third food category, they are quite tasty, especially fried. Many people like to grease them for the winter. By the way, so that the mushrooms intended for salting do not darken, they should first be rinsed with boiling water and only after this procedure immersed in boiling water (an important rule: the pan in which the mushrooms are prepared should be enameled). Boiled moss mushrooms can be stored in the refrigerator for 3 days, and frozen, dried or canned - up to a year.
In culinary needs use legs and hats. Gourmets distinguish mushrooms from other mushrooms for a gentle fruity aftertaste. These mushrooms go well with potatoes, rice, buckwheat, cabbage, cheese. The taste of braised mushrooms is perfectly emphasized by fried onions and sour cream. With seasonings, bay leaves, allspice, dill seeds, garlic, cloves are suitable for them.
"Silent hunting" is not only a good way to relax, but also a great opportunity to pamper the body with useful substances that are found exclusively in forest mushrooms. The flywheel is one of those mushrooms that do not hide very much from people. Wherever there is a soft moss carpet, most likely, a tasty, healthy mushroom also hides.