Cardiology (from the Greek kardiā, "heart" and -logia, "science") is a branch of internal medicine that deals not only with methods of diagnosing and treating disorders of the heart, but also the circulatory system as a whole. Although the cardiovascular system is closely related to blood, cardiology is relatively unrelated to hematology and its diseases.
Category Specialties of doctors
A burn surgeon (combustiologist) is a doctor whose main activity is the treatment of severe and extremely severe burns. What does the specialist do? The activity of the combustologist is an immediate response to the diagnosis and treatment of various burns of human tissue. All actions of the doctor must be quick and clear.
Speaking of nurses, you often imagine women in white coats assisting the doctor and clearly following his instructions. Or young girls in treatment rooms taking blood for analysis. But did anyone think about why specialists with secondary specialized medical education are called sisters?
Recently, the development of medicine is fast. There are new branches, focused and specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of certain types of pathologies. One of the most popular trends in modern medicine is phlebology, a discipline that has emerged from under the wing of vascular surgery.
Otolaryngology (otolaryngology) - the section of medicine and medical specialty. It is based on the diagnosis / treatment / prevention of diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Practicing doctors are called otolaryngologists or abbreviated ENT doctors. What you need to know about the direction, with which pathologies the doctor works, what to expect from diagnostics and therapy?
A transplantologist is a practicing surgeon whose main task is the transplantation of organs and tissues. A person who receives a new internal organ or tissue is called a recipient. And the one who sacrificed part of himself goes under the medical term - the donor. In addition to direct operations, such a doctor deals with the creation of artificial organs.
A microbiologist is a medical profession that in the last ten years has become in high demand among graduates of biological faculties of universities and medical universities. The work of a specialist of this kind is based on the study of various aspects of the life of microscopic organisms. Even deciphering the name of the science itself speaks for itself.
Medicine does not stand still. New specializations arise, old ones merge. Now there is not only the main pediatrician - pediatrician. There are almost all narrow specialists with the prefix "children". Neurology was no exception. Along with adult doctors successfully practice and children.
The body of the child in many ways not like an adult and requires special attention. He suffers all diseases in his own way, needs special methods of treatment and methods of prevention. Therefore, in medicine, a separate specialization is devoted to the health of young patients - pediatrics. This science studies the anatomy and physiology of children, the particularities of their diseases, and finds the best methods of therapy.
An ultrasound doctor is a specialist who diagnoses diseases and various conditions of the human body using ultrasound diagnosis or sonography. Sonography is often called ultrasound imaging; an ultrasound doctor uses a device known as a sensor that travels across the skin’s surface to capture images of the underlying structures of the body.
The family doctor is a multidisciplinary medical specialist who is designed to help with problems in health to people of different ages - from birth to old age. In Europe, such doctors are called general practitioners. Responsibilities of a family doctor A general practitioner or family doctor must provide outpatient medical care in many areas.
Psychiatry specializes in the study of the origin and occurrence of abnormal processes and phenomena in the human psyche, and the psychiatrist is a doctor who diagnoses, treats and prevents mental health anomalies in patients. In the literal sense of the word "psychiatrist" has the translation "soul healer" that best describes the profession.
Histology is a science that studies the composition and structure of tissues in living organisms in relation to their specialized functions. This discipline is necessary for the understanding and development of biology, medicine, and veterinary medicine. Histopathology is the diagnosis and examination of biological tissues in order to monitor the appearance of affected cells and pathology in tissues in great detail under a microscope.
Hippocrates is considered the father of medicine, because he was the first to take note of recording all his observations for the benefit of all subsequent generations. Thanks to him, the science of the structure of man, his diseases and treatment began to gradually develop. Despite this, until the 18th century the difference between a hairdresser and a doctor was almost scanty.
The surgeon-oncologist, unlike the traditional oncologist, is usually considered the last resort, as he uses operational techniques in his medical arsenal. With their help, millions of lives were saved by those who suffered from various forms of cancer at different stages. The basis for obtaining an appointment to this doctor is the results of the radiation method for detecting malignant tumors and the results of an ultrasound scan of the proposed affected organ.
Cardiac surgeon is considered a narrow-profile profession. A patient is referred to this specialist if he has a serious heart disease that cannot be neutralized by an alternative means. In this case, the alternative method of treatment is treatment with pharmacological agents, auxiliary methods like folk recipes, herbal medicine and other aspects of the naturotherapist’s competence.
Toxicologist is a specialist in the medical environment, who is responsible for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of various lesions of the human body affecting poisonous or harmful substances (poisoning). The main responsibilities of the toxicologist are research on those diseases of the human body, the cause of which is the toxic effects of chemicals and their compounds.
A dermatologist-cosmetologist is a doctor who treats various skin problems using numerous cosmetic technologies and means, his activity is aimed not only at eliminating the disease, but also at solving aesthetic problems, the main activity is ensuring not only skin health, but and her beauty.
The method of treatment of a person through acupuncture has about three thousand years of history. The physicians of ancient China used special effects on special points on the human body, which are called acupuncture points. The whole idea of healing with the help of needles is based on the teaching that invisible energy channels pass through the human body, which distribute vital energy between organs and body parts.
Many people wonder who this is and how it differs from a psychiatrist or psychologist. The psychoanalyst is a specialist who is engaged in psychoanalysis. In order to engage in this field of activity, it is necessary to obtain additional higher education. What do you do? The main task of his work is to help the individual to deal with himself.
For a good rest a person needs a healthy sleep. Sleep disorders affect not only mood and performance, but can also adversely affect health. There is a separate section of medicine that studies sleep - its disorders, problems, and health effects - somnology. A specialist in this field is called a somnologist.